O neperson eats, two people make up”, want to give birth to a good, strong, intelligent, superior baby, the nutrition of pregnant mommy is the key! Some pregnant women are worried about the weight gain during pregnancy, so deliberate reduction, even picky eaters, leading to imbalanced nutrition, may cause premature birth risk. The pharmacist reminds that prenatal and pregnancy should work hard in the diet, especially the five treasures of pregnancy nutrition, including folic acid, vitamin D, lutein , etc., in order to let Mommy and the baby win at the starting point.
Additional calories, protein, vitamins and minerals are required before, during and after childbirth
Zhao Shunrong, chairman of the Taiwan Preventive Health Care Association and a master of pharmacy, pointed out that during prenatal, pregnancy and postpartum periods, mothers need to supplement calories, protein, vitamins and minerals to cope with maternal metabolism and fetal growth.
According to the recommendations of the National Health Service of the Ministry of Health and Welfare, maternity should take six categories of foods in a balanced manner, and eat more dark vegetables and whole grains, and should mainly come from natural foods. As for why vitamins and minerals are also important? The National Health Service of the Ministry of Health and Welfare has called for women who are pregnant or pregnant to pay attention to the intake of folic acid, iron and iodine. For the growth and development of the fetus, it is very important to be strong and strong, and it is the cornerstone for laying a healthy life for the baby. The latest Harvard study also recognizes the importance of vitamin supplementation before, during and after childbirth.
How to properly supplement vitamins and minerals? It is not recommended to choose a single nutrient or mineral supplement. It is best to choose a high-quality comprehensive vitamin for pregnant women , as recommended by a physician, pharmacist or dietitian , to supplement enough minerals and vitamins before, during and after childbirth.
There are five treasures in pregnancy! Folic acid, iodine, iron, vitamin D, lutein are essential
The first treasure of pregnancy: the vitality star “folic acid”
From the beginning of the first 3 months of pregnancy to the middle of pregnancy, attention should be paid to the supplementation of folic acid, which helps the formation of red blood cells, and helps the normal development of the fetus and the development of the central nervous system of the brain. The lack of folic acid can cause congenital neural tubes in the fetal brain and spinal cord. defect. The National Health Service reminds: According to the National Dietary Nutrient Reference Intake (DRIS), women of childbearing age are recommended to consume at least 400 micrograms (mcg) of folic acid per day; pregnant women are prepared to consume 600 micrograms of folic acid daily from one month before pregnancy to pregnancy; Breastfeeding women recommend daily intake of 500 micrograms of folic acid for their own needs.
Danish prospective study: supplementation with folic acid increases fertility
Zhao Shunrong pharmacist said that currently all the nutritional supplements related to pregnancy, more scientific evidence and more complete and consistent, probably folic acid (vitamin B9). Taking a recent large study from Denmark as an example, scholars tracked 3,895 women in pregnancy from 2007, using a combination of vitamins, folic acid, and subsequent pregnancy. It was found that women who had folic acid (including folic acid supplementation alone or supplemented with folic acid-containing vitamins) had 15% more chance of getting pregnant each month than women who did not. In particular, in women with irregular menstrual cycles, studies have found that folic acid may have the effect of helping ovulation normalize.
The second treasure of pregnancy: Zhiduoxing “iodine”
Lack of iodine in the fetus during pregnancy will cause miscarriage, stillbirth, and congenital anomalies; neonatal growth retardation and neurodevelopmental dysfunction, severe cases will lead to stagnation, and even increase infant mortality, mothers lack thyroid function Low symptoms. Therefore, the National Health Service reminds: It is recommended that women of childbearing age consume 140 micrograms of iodine per day, and the demand for iodine during pregnancy and lactation will increase. Pregnant mommy needs 200 micrograms of iodine per day; lactating mommy needs 250 micrograms per day. Iodine, or eat more natural foods rich in iodine, and use iodized salt.
The third treasure of pregnancy: the energy star “iron”
on is a hematopoietic agent. If the pregnant woman is anemia for a long time, it will cause the growth of the fetus in the uterus to develop retarded and cause premature birth. Referring to “Deterinary Dietary Nutrient Reference Intakes (DRIs)”, women of childbearing age and pregnant women consume 15 mg of iron per day. Women in the third phase of pregnancy should increase their daily intake of iron to 45 mg of iron, including iron. Food or supplements.
The importance of proper nutrition during prenatal, pregnancy and postpartum period should not be underestimated. In addition to the above nutrients and minerals, Zhao Shunrong pharmacists specially reminded that “vitamin D and lutein” during pregnancy should not be ignored! Not only is it important for the health of the mother, but it also plays an important role in the development and overall health of the baby.
The fourth treasure of pregnancy: the ruler “Vitamin D”Zhao Shunrong pharmacists gathered a number of clinical reports that there is enough evidence to show that vitamin D supplementation can help pregnant women and the health of the fetus. Studies have shown that blood D concentration > 40 ng / mL in early pregnancy can reduce pre-eclampsia, and significantly reduce the risk of premature birth and reduce neonatal allergy, asthma symptoms. The Taiwan Pediatrics Association officially proposed guidelines for infant nutrition in 2016: pure breastfeeding has a report of vitamin D deficiency and snoring. In order to maintain the concentration of vitamin D in infant serum, it is recommended to breastfeed or partially breastfeed the baby. The newborn begins to receive 400 IU of oral vitamin D daily.
The fifth treasure of pregnancy: the eye-protecting star “Lutein”
Recent medical research has confirmed that lutein is absorbed by the fetus at the beginning of 6 months of pregnancy. Through the transportation of the umbilical cord, these valuable nutrients become the refueling fuel needed for the growth of small fetuses, but this mechanism leads to rapid consumption of lutein in the mother. . The human body cannot synthesize lutein by itself. It depends on the external source of “food” or “nutrition supplement”. If lutein is not added properly, it will cause the pregnant woman or the mother to feel the memory loss and mental disability. It is also one of the reasons for the formation of blurred vision symptoms.
More important vitamins and minerals should be added during pregnancy or lactation.
Pregnant mommy should take enough protein to supplement, 14 kinds of vitamins (A, C, D, E, B1, B2, nicotinic B3, pantothenic acid B5, B6, biotin B7, bilirubin, folic acid B9, B12 and leaf yellow And 10 minerals (calcium, iron, iodine, magnesium, zinc, selenium, copper, chromium, manganese, molybdenum), which are some of the most important vitamins and minerals added during pregnancy, for pregnant moms and fetuses. Healthy growth and development is absolutely essential. The amount of demand is accompanied by an increase in calories and protein, and the lack will have a great impact on the development of the fetal brain.
For example, a lack of vitamin B during pregnancy can lead to fetal abnormalities and various symptoms of the mother, including: hair loss, anemia, digestive problems, reduced immune response, weakness and fatigue. In particular, B12 deficiency or inappropriate conditions may lead to fetal neural tube defects. For vegans, special attention should be paid to the supplement of vitamin B12.
Clinical confirmation of vitamin B6 supplementation in pregnant women: the number of times of progestation can be alleviated
In addition, there is a study on vitamin B6. In 2015, a review of whether vitamin B6 can relieve morning sickness was published. This therapeutic study selected an experimental group that took vitamin B6 for 3 consecutive days, every 8 hours. 25 mg of vitamin B6 with a placebo as a control group. In the study, the Chinese Communist Party consolidated two trials, a total of 199 pregnant women in the control group, and found that pregnant women taking vitamin B6 daily can reduce the number of morning sickness after 3 days.
Zhao Shunrong pharmacist reminded that if there is nausea and vomiting in the early stage of pregnancy, you should eat a small amount of meals and choose low-fat and non-irritating foods. When you wake up in the morning, you can eat some cereals such as biscuits and steamed buns to improve morning sickness. . At the end of pregnancy, avoid excessive intake of carbohydrates and fats, resulting in increased body fat.
Zhao Shunrong pharmacist pointed out that women who are preparing for pregnancy should adjust their health to a healthy state and maintain their ideal body weight as a preparation for pregnancy, so that Mommy and the baby can win at the starting point, such as those who have doubts about the diet during pregnancy. You should consult a physician, pharmacist or dietitian for professional assistance.